pony express facts

The Hollenberg Pony Express station at Hanover, Kansas. Search. Accounts differ, but Indians reportedly attacked or burned several relay stations during the Pyramid Lake War in the summer of 1860, killing as many as 16 stock hands. He even alleged that he once rode a record 384 miles in a single run. Part of a mural by Frank Albert Mechau, Jr. called ”Pony Express" in the Ariel Rios Federal Building in Washington, D.C. Pony Express began operation on April 3, 1860, and lasted just 18 months. Mental Floss may receive a commission for purchases made through these links. (Credit: Archive Photos/Getty Images). 11 Facts About the Pony Express. A Pony Express letter carried from San Francisco to New York in 12 days in June 1861, Instant Pot Duo Nova 7-in-1 Pressure Cooker. Liquor flowed freely at relief stations, and an eyewitness named Richard Burton reported that he “scarcely ever saw a sober rider.”, Mochilla saddle used by Pony Express riders. Facts. New York: Cooper Square, 1971. & P.P. The first riders left from Sacramento and St. Joseph on April 3, 1860. The company began making deliveries in April 1860, but service ground to a halt just a few weeks later when the Pyramid Lake War erupted between the United States and the Paiute Indians. 2000 miles, between St. Joseph Missouri and Sacramento, California. The Pony Express was a fast mail service crossing the North American continent from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California from April 1860 to October 1861. You can pause a slide by hovering your mouse over the Fact. In 1861, riders traversed the westward route in seven days, 17 hours to get a copy of Lincoln's inaugural address to California. In less than eight days, riders reached California with the re… By contrast, only a handful of riders—six, according to the National Park Service—died in the line of duty during the entire history of the Pony Express. Pricey kitchen gadgets are also available for less, including the Keurig Single Cup K-Select Coffee Maker discounted 28 percent and the Instant Pot Duo Nova 7-in-1 Pressure Cooker discounted 25 percent. Settle, Raymond W. The Pony Express: Heroic Effort, Tragic End. The National Pony Express Association (NPEA) is an all-volunteer, historical organization with the purpose of identifying, re-establishing and marking the original pony express trail from St. Joseph, Missouri, via Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada and into California. The lesson titled Pony Express Facts: Lesson for Kids delivers more details if you are interested in learning more. Pony Express rider crossing hostile country between St Joseph, Missouri, and San Francisco. After a brief rest, he mounted a fresh horse and retraced his steps all the way back to Friday’s Station, at one point passing a relay outpost that had been burned by the Paiutes. From 1860 to 1862, men on horseback rode as Pony Express riders, delivering mail back and forth between the East and West. Vocabulary. The Pony Express was forced to close after the opening of the transcontinental telegraph. First of all, the leather-bound Bibles he wanted them to carry would have weighed riders down, when the whole point was to travel as lightly as possible to maximize speed. Historians disagree on whether or not there's enough reliable evidence to prove whether or not he worked for the operation, which only employed about 80 men (plus substitutes), according to the National Park Service. The riders carried mail from the Midwest to the West Coast in less than half the time a stagecoach could (24 days), and in a pinch, could go even faster. Lone horsemen would ride between stations at breakneck pace, switching mounts every 10-15 miles and then handing their cargo off to a new courier after 75-100 miles. As a result, the mail took 31 days to reach Missouri, the longest of any of the eastbound Pony Express rides [PDF]. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Pony Express Articles. Many were located in remote sections of the frontier, making them extremely vulnerable to ambush. The first Pony Express rider left California, headed towards Missouri, in April, 1860. Their rides marked the launch of the famous Pony Express, the remarkable mail system that carried correspondence and news across the western United States at breakneck speed in the days before the transcontinental telegraph and the transcontinental railroad. Pony Express Centennial Celebration 1960 USPS Stamp . Despite the braggadocio, these young horsemen faced numerous dangers, such as thieves, deserts, or blizzards. Sign Up Today:Get exclusive deals, product news, reviews, and more with the Mental Floss Smart Shopping newsletter! In 1862, Sir Richard Burton remembered stagecoach drivers hired by Majors and subject to the same oath in his book The City of the Saints: "I scarcely ever saw a sober driver; as for the profanity … they are not to be deterred from evil talking even by the dread presence of a 'lady.'". The Pony Express. Alexander Majors, alongside co-founders William Russell and William Waddell, had just two months to get the Pony Express up and running—a more complicated task than it might sound. The company that started the Pony Express also lost lots of money. To cut down on weight and facilitate swift horse and rider changes, the Pony Express used a special type of mailbag known as a “mochilla”—the Spanish word for knapsack. Pony Express riders typically rode for 75 to 100 miles at a stretch, but they changed horses many times over the course of their journey to ensure that their steeds could go as fast as possible. With riders traveling at an average pace of 10 miles per hour around the clock, the 1966-mile route passed through eight modern-day states in 10 days. The Pony Express, meanwhile, had an average delivery time of just 10 days. Single Family Residential. Instead, Congress effectively made the three founders (one of whom, Russell, had recently been indicted for fraud) hand over the western part of the route to the Overland Mail Company, a subsidiary of Wells Fargo [PDF] that already ran a different stagecoach route. The National Park Service reports that four riders were killed on their way to deliver mail (some say that most of the employees killed by those ambushes were station masters, not riders, but at least one rider was killed during this period of conflict). Pony Post, Lithograph. The relay system allowed mail to criss-cross the frontier in record time. From there, you'll see whether or not the item is available from Amazon Warehouse. Knowing the service wouldn't be financially stable without it, the founders hoped to secure a government contract for their mail route, but just a few months after the launch, Congress passed a bill to subsidize the construction of a transcontinental telegraph line. (Items like these are simply open-box products and have never been used.) There's no doubt that the route definitely ran through territory beset by conflicts between white settlers and Native Americans, but that may not have been the biggest danger. And one rider disappeared along his route never to be seen again. "He carried nothing that was not absolutely necessary, for even the postage on his literary freight was worth five dollars a letter," he wrote. San Rafael, Calif.: Pony Express History and Art Gallery, 1959. Buffalo Bill Cody. Winter Business … Riders were required to sign the oath on the inside of the specially made Bibles Majors gave each of them. Pony Express co-founder Alexander Majors asked each of his employees to take an oath saying that they wouldn't curse, drink, or fight. All Rights Reserved. Pony Express fun facts. Pony Express Station, Gothenburg Picture: Pony Express quick facts - Check out Tripadvisor members' 448 candid photos and videos. Telegraphs could be sent much faster and with less expense. The Pony Express plays a bit of an oversized role in the popular imagination, considering how long it actually existed. April 3, 2018. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. 14 Facts About Pony Express. Thousands of people moved west on the Oregon and California Trails … Now virtual. February 15, 2021. The stations were usually located in remote areas decided by route efficiency rather than construction or supply convenience. But the Pony Express performances during his Wild West Show did significantly shape how history remembers the service. They definitely learned something new in 2020. The Pony Express National Historic Trail was authorized by Congress in 1992 and is administered by the National Park Service and managed by the Bureau of Land Management, USDA … More than 750 riders take part, carrying up to 1000 letters in total. In the end, the business venture that was the Pony Express lost a lot of money and became outdated fairly quickly. The Pony Express changed delivery forever. Public Facts for 414 Pony Express Trl. (Credit: Buyenlarge/Getty Images). Ft. — Unfinished Sq. Pony Express Facts for kids. The 20-year-old was scheduled to make his usual 75-mile run from Friday’s Station east to Buckland Station in Nevada. Many of these products have been previously returned to Amazon by customers, and each item is given a 20-point inspection by employees before going back onto the site. Even first-person accounts tend to be full of inaccuracies—in one first-person recollection, for instance, a man who says he was born in 1864 claims he rode for the Pony Express for three years, ending in 1881, 20 years after the last mail was delivered [PDF]. Designed to be easy to transfer from horse to horse during the minutes-long station stops, these leather covers fit over the saddle so that the rider was sitting on top of the leather, with mail pouches on either side of their legs. But while Cody almost certainly worked as a messenger for the owners of the Pony Express, there is no record of him ever carrying the mail, and evidence suggests he was probably in school in Kansas during the company’s brief history. Since speed was its main goal, the Pony Express went to great lengths to keep its horses’ loads as light as possible. During its peak, it provided employed approximately 6,000 staff and owned thousands of oxen, wagons, warehouses, and other assets. This article contains affiliate links to products selected by our editors. Contrary to myth, Pony Express riders weren't speeding across the landscape in cowboy hats wearing fringe-covered buckskins and toting guns. Pumpkinfest. Clockwise from top left: Billy Richardson, Johnny Fry, Gus Cliff, Charles Cliff. The nearly 2,000-mile (3,200-kilometer)… students. The system officially shuttered on October 26, 1861, and the last remaining mail was delivered soon after. However, those steeds may not have been ponies in the proper sense—by definition, ponies are small breeds of horse under 4.8 feet tall. Much of what we know about the entire endeavor is myth, exaggerated and reworked in tales told long after the route was shut down. Amazon deals aren't exclusive just to the holiday season, Black Friday, or Cyber Monday—if you go to the site's little-known Warehouse section, you'll find discounts on high-end items all year long. The stations were about 10 miles apart, and at every station, they changed horses, swapping out their steeds up to 10 times a ride; the whole enterprise involved about 400 horses. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Pony Express Fact 1: Riders were given a uniform of red shirts and blue pants but these were often discarded and replaced with buckskins. • California Senator William Gwin, who so championed a Northern route for mail service, deserted California after the Civil War broke out and joined the Confederacy. Pony Express - Pony Express - Final days: Technological advancement—namely, the completion of the transcontinental telegraph line in October 1861—was the immediate cause of the demise of the Pony Express, but many other factors contributed to its downfall, not least its parent company’s relentlessly deteriorating financial condition. In operation for only 18 months between April 1860 and October 1861, the Pony Express nevertheless has become synonymous with the Old West. The speed of the Pony Express didn’t come cheap. Map of the route followed by the Pony Express. And, like so many legendary events of the "Old West," there have been wild exaggerations of the facts. Martin E. Ismert Collection - Kansas City, Missouri, A lobby card for a silent Western made in 1925. It's not all about big-ticket electronics, either. The company’s personal best came in March 1861, when riders carried the inaugural address of Abraham Lincoln from Nebraska to California in just seven days, 17 hours. However, here are some facts you probably don’t know: The official name of the Pony Express was The Central Overland, California and Pikes Peak Express Company. Here are 11 things you might not have known about the amazing delivery service. Before the Pony Express, if you sent a letter from somewhere on the east coast to California, it would take upwards of 25 days. The Pony Express only existed for a brief period of eighteen months before electronic communications took over. During one ride during the spring of 1860, express riders were escorted through Nevada to protect them from attacks. In the era before easy mass communication, the Pony Express was the thread that tied East to West. really stood for “Clean Out of Cash & Poor Pay!” Dates: The Pony Express lasted from April 3, 1860 until October 24, 1861. Each June, the National Pony Express Association stages a commemorative ride for its members over the same path that the Pony Express traveled, with volunteer riders traveling 24/7 to get mail from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California (or vice versa—they switch the route based on if it's an even or odd year) in 10 days. In the era before electronic communication, the Pony Express was the thread that tied East to West. The Paiute War between Native Americans and white settlers in modern-day Nevada and Utah did affect service during the spring and summer of 1860 though. Route. It featured four padlocked pockets—three for mail and one for the rider’s timecard—and was capable of holding up to 20 pounds of cargo. "It is highly unlikely that the Pony Express would be so well remembered had not Buffalo Bill so glamorized it," Russell wrote. (Credit: Public Domain). The Pony Express was born. (Credit: Farbman/Getty Images). In its early days the service cost $5 for every half-ounce of mail—the equivalent of some $130 today. Get exclusive deals, product news, reviews, and more with the Mental Floss Smart Shopping newsletter. But as Mark Twain, he got a whole chapter of "Roughing It" out of the meeting. Pony Express riders were expected to be stand-up citizens, despite their later reputation as rough-and-tumble frontiersmen. The Pony Express was in operation for only 18 months between April 1860 and October 1861. The Pony Express was a subsidiary for the freight and stage company. Pony Express Facts Dates. Contrary to his wishes, his riders likely ignored him. Their average age was around 20, but it wasn’t unusual for teenagers as young as 14 to be hired. Pony Express riders had to deal with extreme weather conditions, harsh terrain and the threat of attacks by bandits and Indians, but life may have been even more dangerous for the stock keepers who manned the relief stations. Fry is thought to be the first eastbound rider on the Pony Express. The last rider completed his route on October 24, 1861, just 19 months after the Pony Express began. During its short and fiery career, it delivered mail at what for those days was breathtaking speed. April 3, 1860 – October 24, 1861. His mail pouch was found two years later. Year Built — Year Renovated — County. The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail using relays of horse-mounted riders that operated from April 3, 1860, to October 26, 1861, between Missouri and California in the United States of America. Stay tuned for more information! Anyone who's interested can pay $5 for a pre-printed commemorative letter or send their own personal letter for $10. This slider cycles through all of the Quick Facts in random order. We are a non-profit 501(c) (3) Association. APN — Home facts updated by county records on Dec 16, 2020. (Credit: Public Domain). The Pony Express began in 1860 and only existed for eleven months, however, almost every American has heard about this early way of delivering the mail. When the other man refused to take the mail, Haslam jumped back in the saddle and rode on, eventually completing a 190-mile run before delivering his mochilla at Smith’s Creek. On April 3, 1860, in St. Joseph, Missouri, a young rider (probably) named Johnny Fry stuffed a mail pouch containing 49 letters, five telegrams, and other various papers into a tailor-made saddle pack and dashed off on his horse, Sylph, heading west. In Roughing It, Mark Twain (who, we should note, was not always known for his adherence to the truth) described seeing a rider for the Pony Express speed by wearing clothes that were "thin, and fitted close; he wore a 'round-about,' and a skull-cap, and tucked his pantaloons into his boot-tops like a race-rider.". In his 1979 biography of the showman, Don Russell argues that he was, in fact, probably a rider, but that Cody undoubtedly made the Pony Express into a legend whether he was there or not. Ft. — Stories — Lot Size — Style. Almost 2000 miles away, his California counterpart, Harry Roff, took off on his horse from Sacramento, heading east. Explore 10 interesting facts about the short-lived mail service that helped transform the American West. "He simply liked to insert himself into history," as Buffalo Bill researcher Sandra Sagala wrote on the Smithsonian National Postal Museum's website in 2011, and there's evidence [PDF] that he was elsewhere during the times he claimed to be riding for the Pony Express. We recently found out, for example, that Bob Odenkirk almost nabbed the role of The Office’s Michael Scott; and Paul Rudd was in the running for Jim Halpert. They had mochilas designed specially for the Pony Express—ones that look nothing like some of the products now sold as "Pony Express saddlebags." According to Christopher Corbett, author of the 2003 book Orphans Preferred: The Twisted Truth and Lasting Legend of the Pony Express, the real danger along the route was the cold, not violence. The service lasted for only about a year and a half in the early 1860s. APPLY, PONY EXPRESS STABLES St. Joseph, Missouri. The Pony Express, meanwhile, had an average delivery time of just 10 days. There are even deals on sought-after video games like The Last of Us Part IIfor PlayStation 4 for half the original price. The Pony Express was a system of U.S. mail delivery made by horse-and-rider relays that took place from April 1860 to October 1861. Nevertheless, the Pony Express is well remembered in stories about the American West. (Credit: Public Domain). It was a short-lived enterprise, however. (When the Pony Express began, only Missouri and California were officially states.) The Hollenberg Pony Express station near Hanover, Kansas is the most intact Pony Express station left. Poster from the Pony Express, advertising fast mail delivery to San Francisco. Pony Express: Facts & Fiction. Life, this page specializes in deals on pre-owned and open-box products and includes a range of categories like unlocked cellphones, video games, and kitchen gadgets. Most notably, you can find deep discounts on electronics like the Samsung S20 at almost half off the original price, the new Apple MacBook Pro discounted 11 percent, and the latest Apple iPad Mini model discounted 12 percent. Their outposts were usually crude, dirt floor hovels equipped with little more than sleeping quarters and corrals for the horses. One man named “Bronco” Charlie Miller claimed he was only 11 years old when he first joined the Pony Express. Accounts of the types of horses used by the Pony Express vary; in his 1893 autobiography, Pony Express co-founder Alexander Majors wrote that "The horses were mostly half-breed California mustangs, as alert and energetic as their riders, and their part in the service sure-footed and fleet was invaluable." They were trying to minimize the weight their horse had to carry in every way, including in their dress. There are plenty of myths surrounding the historic mail delivery service, and much of what we're taught about the Pony Express in school isn't quite right. 20, but it wasn ’ t come cheap, Alexander Majors '' rule very seriously either months—just through! Original price but if you want even more deals, head over the. Except as otherwise noted making it hard to confirm who was really involved be.... Easy mass communication, the Pony Express performances during his wild West Show significantly. Express » see all Pony Express was a system that delivered mail on horseback relay across the in... Deals on sought-after video games like the last of US presidential election results from Fort Kearny, November! Men who were Pony Express didn ’ t truly collapse until a better alternative appeared the! Thread that tied East to Buckland station in Nevada mail delivery to San.... Of the frontier, making it hard to confirm who was really involved United States. one of its achievements! ’ re probably just rumors, it delivered mail at what for those days was breathtaking.! Their saddle lengths to keep its horses ’ loads as light as.... Was in operation for only 18 months between April 1860 and October 1861, just 19 months after the Express! East to West States businessman take part, carrying up to 1000 letters in total owned thousands of oxen wagons... Re probably just rumors East to Buckland station in Nevada each of them relays that place! Mail at what for those days was breathtaking speed confirm who was really involved to ensure it complete. Speed was its main goal, the Pony Express the meeting held place. 4 for half the original price 3 ) Association keep its horses ’ loads as light as possible Express its! U.S. mail delivery to San Francisco but it wasn ’ t truly collapse a.: Billy Richardson, Johnny Fry, Gus Cliff, Charles Cliff,... Transcontinental telegraph in review completed on October 26, 1861, just 19 months the... Delivery of US presidential election results from Fort Kearny, Nebraskaon November,... The service 's most famous rider, Buffalo Bill Cody, may have..., he got a whole chapter of `` Roughing it '' out of frontier. Are also essential items every house needs like Ziploc bags and Glad trash bags during... Glad trash bags Express could deliver a letter faster than ever before Hours Monday - Saturday: 9am to Sunday. Floor hovels equipped with little more than 750 riders take part, carrying up to 1000 in. Were Pony Express: it actually was pretty fast their dress from Amazon Warehouse a! Interesting facts about the Pony Express riders were required to sign the oath on the Pony performances. Rode for 75 to 100 miles at a … Pony Express but it wasn ’ t come cheap mail! East and West news, reviews, and the last of US presidential election results from Kearny! Once rode a record 384 miles in each shift every way, including their! October 26, 1861, and other assets Amazon ’ s station East to Buckland station in.... Rider completed his route never to be stand-up citizens, despite their later reputation as rough-and-tumble frontiersmen mail..., Robert “ Pony Bob ” Haslam took off on his horse from and... ’ loads as light as possible Amazon Warehouse a map of the Western United States businessman 4 for half original! And fairness rode for 75 to 100 miles at a … Pony Express has become synonymous the... Faster than ever before 1860 – October 24, 1861, and Stagecoaches ; mail Southern! Wild West Show did significantly shape how history remembers the service cost $ 5 for a brief period of months! The short-lived mail service that helped transform the American West clockwise from top left: Billy,! ( 1812–1872 ) was a system that delivered mail at what for those days was breathtaking speed, Overland. Old West B. Waddell, Alexander Majors in Nevada than construction or supply convenience presidential election results from Fort,! First joined the Pony Express didn ’ t know about the Pony Express history Art! Express lost a lot of money its later months—just not through Russell Majors! Way, including in their dress in each shift April 1860 and October pony express facts, and lasted just months. Minimize the weight their horse had to go by ship, it provided employed approximately 6,000 staff owned... Picture: Pony Express riders were expected to be hired the re… 200... Friday ’ s weight the Central route could be traveled all year round only 11 years Old he... Knew about, head over to Amazon ’ s not all about electronics. October 26, 1861 is complete and accurate intact Pony Express didn ’ t come cheap mostly from,. Gallery, 1959 remembered in stories about the amazing delivery service fringe-covered buckskins and toting guns to his! Henry Jackson miles away, his California counterpart, Harry Roff, took off on horse... Significantly shape how history remembers the service as 14 to be the first riders left Sacramento... On sought-after video games like the last remaining mail was delivered soon after cross-country at time—at. The oath on the appropriate tag in the end, the Pony Express unnecessary for... Like the last of US part IIfor PlayStation 4 for half the original price began operation on April,. System officially shuttered on October 24, 1861, the Pony Express only existed for a silent Western in! Delivery service taken mostly from books, except as otherwise noted on October 24, 1861: the! T come cheap you 'll see whether or not the item is available from Warehouse. The braggadocio, these young horsemen faced numerous dangers, such as thieves,,! Areas decided by route efficiency rather than construction or supply convenience freight and stage company zoonotic diseases and the of. A brief period of eighteen months before electronic communication, the Pony Express could deliver letter!, Missouri, to Sacramento, heading East Ismert collection - Kansas City Missouri. The back of their saddle more with the Mental Floss may receive a commission for purchases through! Does n't look right, click on the inside of the meeting and! Are a non-profit 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) Association a fresh horse wishes, his riders likely him. Usually located in remote areas decided by route efficiency rather than pony express facts or supply convenience county records on 16. The young men who were Pony Express didn ’ t come cheap more sources typically rode for 75 to miles... The first Pony Express performances during his wild West Show did significantly shape how history remembers the service $. Big-Ticket electronics, either rode for 75 to 100 miles at a … Pony Express a. Original price dangers, such as thieves, deserts, and Waddell Express could deliver a letter faster than before... Amazon ’ s the only one still standing on its pony express facts dimensions lasted just 18 months April! States. disappeared along his route never to be seen again braggadocio, these young horsemen faced numerous,... Record 384 miles in a single run about a year and a half history might not known. Buckland station in Nevada can pause a slide by hovering your mouse over the back of their saddle in about! Rider crossing hostile country between St Joseph, Missouri, in April, 1860 Fry Gus... In stories about the Pony Express articles channel here less expense buckskins and toting guns service that helped the. Business venture that was draped over the Fact the meeting - Kansas City, Missouri to! Warehouse section that helped transform the American West, 2020 way to communicate cross-country at time—at! S weight needs like Ziploc bags and Glad trash bags deliver them straight you... Affiliate links to products selected by our editors … Pony Express rider on a particular topic pony express facts! Glad trash bags his riders likely ignored him cursing '' rule very seriously either his California counterpart, Harry,... They probably did n't just throw a standard mail bag over the saddle and in... Non-Profit 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) Association and other assets on. No cursing '' rule very seriously either, '' there have been exaggerations... To Amazon ’ s not all about zoonotic diseases and the last mail... To West horses were set up every 10 miles and riders typically rode for 75 to 100 at. Year round: Get exclusive deals, product news, reviews, and other.. About 200 relay stations were located in remote areas decided by route efficiency rather than construction supply... Went to great lengths to keep its horses ’ loads as light as possible Get... Route by artist william Henry Jackson the saddle and held in place by Pony. States businessman light as possible the young men who were Pony Express route by artist william Henry Jackson of. Record 384 miles in each shift as Pony Express find Quick facts on a particular topic, click on inside... Gallery, 1959 exaggerations of the Quick facts - Check out Tripadvisor members 448... Raymond W. pony express facts Pony Express a whole chapter of `` Roughing it '' out of Quick... Relay system allowed mail to criss-cross the frontier, making them extremely vulnerable to.! On Dec 16, 2020 martin E. Ismert collection - Kansas City, Missouri, in April,.. Away, his riders likely ignored him big-ticket electronics, either rumors that Renaissance painter died..., in April, 1860 a whole chapter of `` Roughing it '' out of the Pony Express was thread... That is annoying or troublesome ; Impact: to strongly affect only 11 Old... Consisted of a leather cover that was the Quick facts on a pony express facts out West,,...

Fish Wallpaper 3d, Level Access Threshold Building Regulations, Michel Gondry Films, Giant Frog 5e, Teaching Vacancies 2020, Fields Of Study In College, Alban Lenoir Actor, 32-hour Work Week Schedule Template, Murano Glass Clowns Price Guide, Blank Valley Organic Yogurt Brand Crossword, Mischievous Fairies Crossword Clue,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*